Glaucoma occurs when the pressure inside the eye rises, damaging the optic nerve and causing vision loss and is a leading cause of blindness in the U.S. The condition often develops over many years without causing pain or other noticeable symptoms – so you may not experience vision loss until the disease has progressed.
To detect glaucoma, your physician will test your visual acuity and visual field as well as the pressure in your eye. Regular eye exams help to monitor the changes in your eyesight and to determine whether you may develop glaucoma.
Once diagnosed, Glaucoma can sometimes be controlled and further vision loss can be prevented with non-surgical methods such as prescription eye drops, other medication, and laser therapy. But in some cases, laser or traditional surgery is required to lower eye pressure such as Laser Peripheral Iridotomy (LPI), Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT), Filtering Microsurgery (Trabeculectomy), and Tube Shunt Surgery